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CNR: Alamanacco della Scienza


N. 5 - 14 mar 2012
ISSN 2037-4801

International info   a cura di Cecilia Migali


Doparies: a new strategy for democracy?

The failings of parties are one of the central problems of contemporary democracies. What can be done to revive citizen participation? In this article the author, Raffaele Calabretta, researcher at Cnr-Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies (Cnr-Istc), introduces a novel party participatory decision-making mechanism named 'doparies'. They are procedures that are nationally or locally implemented within and by parties, and permit any voter who declares to be an elector of that party (open doparies) or party members (internal doparies) to vote regarding crucial and controversial decisions during the period between one election and another.

"Whereas primaries are done before elections for choosing party candidates, doparies are done after elections for making party choices on issues. They represent a bidirectional communication system between voters and representatives, and would retain the advantages of primaries (party-voters relationship) and referenda (debate before the vote), but would limit the excessive personalization of politics focusing on issues and not on people", says Calabretta.

There are both propositional doparies, allowing citizens to raise problems that are absent from their party political agenda, and consultative ones, allowing parties to hear the true voice of their voters, who, differently from what happens in polls, are informed by debates in party circles. According to the Cnr researcher "doparies are a new combination of deliberative and aggregative processes, and can counteract parties' crisis and abstention".

To read the article



Fonte: Raffaele Calabretta, Istituto di scienze e tecnologie della cognizione, Roma, email raffaele@stanford.edu